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Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ)
BJJ promotes the concept that a smaller, weaker person can successfully defend against a bigger, stronger assailant.  By using proper technique, leverage, and by taking the fight to the ground and then applying joint-locks and chokeholds, they can defeat their opponent.

BJJ training can be used for sport grappling tournaments (gi and no-gi), mixed martial arts (MMA) competitions or for self-defence. 

Sparring/rolling plays a major role in training and performance is key, especially in competition.
Once the opponent is on the ground, a number of techniques and counter-techniques are used to manipulate them into a suitable position for the final application of a submission technique i.e. a choke or joint crank.

Achieving a dominant position on the ground is one of the hallmarks of the BJJ style.  This includes effective use of the guard position to defend oneself from the bottom position, using both submissions and sweeps.  Sweeps can lead to the dominant position or an opportunity to pass the guard, leading to domination from the top position.

This system of manoeuvering and manipulation can be likened to a form of kinetic chess, when used by two experienced practitioners. A submission hold is the equivalent of checkmate in the sport, reflecting a disadvantage which would be extremely difficult to overcome in a fight.

BJJ is suitable for ages 14 years and older.