Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ)
BJJ promotes the
concept that a smaller, weaker person can successfully defend against a bigger,
stronger assailant. By using proper
technique, leverage, and by taking the fight to the ground and then applying
joint-locks and chokeholds, they can defeat their opponent.
BJJ training can be
used for sport grappling tournaments (gi and no-gi), mixed martial arts (MMA) competitions
or for self-defence.
Sparring/rolling plays a major role in training and performance
is key, especially in competition.
Once the opponent
is on the ground, a number of techniques and counter-techniques are used to
manipulate them into a suitable position for the final application of a
submission technique i.e. a choke or joint crank.
dominant position on the ground is one of the hallmarks of the BJJ style. This includes effective use of the guard position
to defend oneself from the bottom position, using both submissions and
sweeps. Sweeps can lead to the dominant
position or an opportunity to pass the guard, leading to domination from the top
This system of manoeuvering
and manipulation can be likened to a form of kinetic chess, when used by two
experienced practitioners. A submission hold is the equivalent of checkmate in
the sport, reflecting a disadvantage which would be extremely difficult to
overcome in a fight.
BJJ is suitable for
ages 14 years and older.